5 Candle Making Issues and How to Fix Them

5 Candle Making Issues and How to Fix Them

Problem 1. Melt pool is too small/ Candle has ‘tunneling’ effect

Possible Causes

  • Wick size too small
  • Wax too hard/too high melt point
  • Candle was burnt for short periods of time
  • Too much or the wrong type of additives were used

 

Possible Solutions

  • Use a larger wick size
  • Use a softer wax
  • Burn the candle for at least 1 hour per inch in diameter to ensure an equal burn
  • Use the least amount of additives needed for the desired effect

 

Problem 2. Air Bubbles

Possible Causes

  • Wax was poured too fast
  • Dust particles were inside mold/container at time of pouring
  • Water got in the wax at time of pouring
  • Candle cooled too fast
  • Pouring temperature is too low or high
  • Used dirty wax

 

Possible Solutions

  • Pour the candle at a slow and steady rate and after candle is poured tap on sides of mold/container to release air
  • Make sure the mold/container is clean before you use it
  • Pre-heat your mold/container prior to pouring
  • Make sure that water never gets into your wax
  • Keep candles 2”-3” apart when cooling and make sure candles cool from the bottom first, not the top
  • Decrease or increase the pouring temperature accordingly
  • Always keep your melting pots and wax clean

 

Problem 3. Cracks in candle

Possible Causes

  • Cooled too fast
  • Candle was put in the freezer or fridge

Possible Solutions

  • Cool at room temperature or in warm water bath. Cooling in the fridge or freezer can cause cracking.
  • Try to do the second poor when candle is still a little warm

 

Problem 4. Wick is mushrooming

Possible Causes

  • Wick size is too large for candle
  • Wick needs to be trimmed
  • The wick naturally mushrooms
  • Fragrance and/or dye is collecting in the wick and interfering with combustion

 

Possible Solutions

  • Try different fragrance/dye combinations
  • Zinc cored wicks and others naturally have this effect, try a different type of wick to get rid of mushrooming
  • Try a harder wax
  • Try a smaller wick size
  • Always trim wick to ¼ to ½ inch prior to burning

 

Problem 5. Candle smokes excessively when it burns

Possible Causes

  • High oil content
  • Wick is too large
  • Candle may have air pockets
  • Flame too high
  • There is a draft

 

Possible Solutions

  • Decrease the amount of fragrance oil
  • Try a smaller wick size
  • Pour candles at a hotter temperature and/or poke release holes and refill
  • Keep wick trimmed to 1/4 inch
  • Do not burn candles in a drafty area

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