There are several types of wax readily available for making candles today – some natural, some synthetic, some a little bit of both, and each has its own particular qualities.
Paraffin wax is a petroleum by-product created when crude oil is refined into gasoline. Paraffin is the most commonly used wax for candle making.
Soy wax is a new wax on the candle making scene. Many of the soy waxes are made from 100% soybean oil. Others are blended with other vegetable oils (like coconut) and waxes (like palm and beeswax.)
Beeswax is the oldest candle making wax.It is infused with honey during its creation, it naturally has a sweet fragrance which will vary slightly depending on what flowers or plants bees are feeding on.
Gel Wax is not actually a wax at all – it is a combination of resin and mineral oil. It is often used to imitate water or other liquids like beer, cola or wine.
Palm wax is similar to soy wax in that it is made from a natural oil – in this case, palm oil.